Cancer research simply involves identifying the causes of cancer and developing strategies for preventing, diagnosing, treating and curing it. It also involves biosciences diagnosing referring to applications of cancer treatment such as surgery, radiation therapy and immunotherapy to epidemiology.
Due to the wide range of fields in cancer research, there are a number of careers involved. The best careers include anesthesiology, medical dosimetry, medical oncology, and pathology. These careers are based on a certain field of specialization which means that professionals receive an extra training pertaining a certain treatment, body part or health problem. Anesthesiology as a career in cancer research, refers to the practice of medicine dealing with relieving pain and taking total care of surgical patients before, during and after surgery.
During surgery, anesthesiologists are in charge of medical management and administering anesthesia to the patient. After surgery, they ensure that the patient recover from the effects of anesthesia. Since specialized care is key in cancer treatment, they decide on when a patient has fully recovered and ready to go home or be moved to a regular ward facility. Medical oncology involves the use of chemotherapy, drugs, hormonotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy to treat cancer. This career is wide since it incorporates other careers such as surgical oncology and radiation oncology, professionals in this career are involved in prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
Medical dosimetry involves measuring and calculating dosage for the treatment of cancer patients. Professionals in this field are required to use knowledge gained in fields such as anatomy, physics, and radiobiology to develop treatment plans that will deliver the prescribed radiation dose. This involves considering sensitive structures such as the eye, especially when treating the brain in order to prevent damages. Pathology in Cancer Research is one of the core careers. It involves diagnosing and classifying cancer stages by looking at the state of tissues and cells after carrying out laboratory tests. Professionals in this field are trained on how to determine whether a tumor is cancer, determine its starting point and also its growth rate.